Military Career: Law Enforcement and Security Specialists
The military services have their own law enforcement and police forces. These specialists investigate crimes committed on military property or that involve military personnel. Military police do many of the same things as civilian officers, control traffic, prevent crime, and respond to emergencies. They also guard military bases and inmates in military correctional facilities.
What They Do
Law enforcement and security specialists in the military perform some or all of the following duties:
- Investigate criminal activities and activities related to espionage, treason, and terrorism
- Interview witnesses and arrest suspects
- Guard correctional facilities and other military installations
- Patrol areas on foot, by car, or by boat
- Perform fire and riot control duties
Branches of the Military
Helpful school subjects include government and speech. Helpful attributes include:
- Ability to remain calm under pressure
- Interest in law enforcement and crime prevention
- Willingness to perform potentially dangerous work
Job training consists of 5 to 12 weeks of classroom instruction. Training length varies depending on specialty. Course content typically includes:
- Civil and military laws
- Investigation and evidence collection procedures and techniques
- Prisoner control and discipline
- Use of firearms and hand-to-hand defense techniques
- Traffic and crowd control procedures
Normal color vision is necessary to enter some specialties in this area. Some specialties have minimum age and height requirements.
Law enforcement and security specialists in the military work both indoors and outdoors depending on their assignment. They may work outdoors while conducting investigations or patrolling facilities.
Civilian law enforcement and security specialists work for state, county, or city law enforcement agencies. They may also work in prisons, intelligence agencies, and private security companies. They perform similar duties to those performed in the military. They may be called police officers, detectives, private investigators, undercover agents, correction officers, or security guards.
Below is a list of similar civilian occupations:
The military has about 30,000 law enforcement and security specialists. Each year, the services need new specialists due to changes in personnel and the demands of the field. After job training, they work under the direction of more experienced specialists. In time, they may supervise and train new workers or lead investigations. Eventually, they may become chiefs of detectives, chiefs of police, or superintendents of correctional facilities.
Source: U.S. Department of Defense, Washington D.C.