1. Skip to content

Field of Study: Veterinary Medicine


Veterinary medicine programs prepare people to work as doctors for animals.



Veterinary medicine programs include topics such as:

  • Veterinary basic sciences
  • Infectious and noninfectious disease
  • Diagnostic procedures
  • Radiology
  • Anesthesiology
  • Surgery
  • Animal health
  • Preventative medicine
  • Clinical nutrition
  • Practice management
  • Professional standards and ethics

In veterinary medicine programs, students may be able to specialize in:

  • Veterinary dentistry
  • Veterinary anesthesiology
  • Theriogenology
  • Veterinary pathology
  • Veterinary dermatology
  • Veterinary toxicology
  • Veterinary surgery
  • Veterinary radiology
  • Veterinary microbiology
  • Veterinary emergency and critical care medicine

Several universities offer graduate degrees in veterinary medicine. Students earn a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM) or Veterinary Medical Doctor (VMD) degree. These degree programs usually require four or more years or study beyond the bachelor's degree.

Residencies allow students to become board certified and focus their veterinary career on a specific area. Clinical residencies typically take two years to complete after the veterinary medical degree.