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Field of Study: Geography


Geography is the study of people, plants, animals, and natural resources, and how each affects the Earth.



This program includes topics such as:

  • Historical and political geography
  • Cultural geography
  • Economic and physical geography
  • Mapping methods
  • Land use planning
  • Geomorphology
  • Demography
  • Climatology
  • Geographic Information System (GIS) - a mapmaking computer system

In geography programs, students take courses from different fields of study, including biology, geology, statistics, and economics.

In geography, students may be able to specialize in:

  • Cartography
  • Human geography
  • Physical geography

Community colleges and other 2-year schools offer associate degree programs. An associate degree usually takes two years to complete. After earning an associate degree students can transfer to a college or university for further study.

Most colleges and universities offer bachelor's degree programs. A bachelor's degree usually takes about four years of full-time study.

Many universities offer graduate degrees in geography. A master's degree typically requires two years of study beyond a bachelor's degree. Doctoral (PhD) degree programs usually require two or more years of study beyond the master's degree.